Towards Integrity for GNSS-based urban navigation

challenges and lessons learned

verfasst von
Steffen Schön, Kai-niklas Baasch, Lucy Icking, Ali Karimidoona, Qianwen Lin, Fabian Ruwisch, Anat Schaper, Jingyao Su

For safety critical applications like autonomous driving, high trust in the reported navigation solution is mandatory. This trust can be expressed by the navigation performance parameters, especially integrity. Multipath errors are the most challenging error source in GNSS since only partial correction is possible. In order to ensure high integrity of GNSS-based urban navigation, signal propagation mechanisms and the potential error sources induced by the complex measurement environment should be sufficiently understood. In this contribution, we report on recent progress on this topic in our group. We conducted various experiments in urban areas and investigated the behavior and magnitude of GNSS signal propagation errors. To this end, ray tracing algorithms combined with 3D city models are implemented to identify propagation obstructions and quantity propagation errors. A Fresnel zone-based criterion is exploited to determine the occurrence and magnitude of diffraction. GNSS Feature Maps are proposed to visualize the analyses and to predict situations with potential loss of integrity. To measure the integrity of urban navigation, we developed alternative set-based approaches in addition to the classical stochastic approach. Based on interval mathematics and geometrical constraints, they are sufficient to bound remaining systematic uncertainty and feasible for integrity applications.

Institut für Erdmessung
Fakultät für Bauingenieurwesen und Geodäsie
Aufsatz in Konferenzband
Anzahl der Seiten
ASJC Scopus Sachgebiete
Ingenieurwesen (insg.), Angewandte Mathematik
Fachgebiet (basierend auf ÖFOS 2012)
Geodäsie, Navigationssysteme
Ziele für nachhaltige Entwicklung
SDG 9 – Industrie, Innovation und Infrastruktur
Elektronische Version(en) (Zugang: Geschlossen)

Details im Forschungsportal „Research@Leibniz University“